Thank you for your reading and interest in the news Beware: Iodine deficiency during pregnancy and breastfeeding and now with full details
Aden – Yasmine Abdullah Al-Tuhamy – Wednesday, March 30, 2022
The German Thyroid Center warned of the danger of iodine deficiency during pregnancy and lactation on the health of the child; It increases the risk of weakening his cognitive abilities.
He added that iodine is a vital component of the thyroid gland; It is needed to produce the hormones thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3), which are essential for brain development in children.
The center pointed out that iodine deficiency in the body may lead – in the worst cases – to mental retardation, in addition to dwarfism, obesity, and speech and hearing disorders.
He explained that the symptoms of iodine deficiency in the body are an enlarged thyroid gland (in the neck), constant fatigue, lethargy, poor concentration, pallor of the face, sensitivity to cold, dry skin, swollen eyelids, and roughness of the voice due to swollen vocal cords.
The center added that women need iodine during pregnancy and lactation at a rate ranging between 230 and 260 micrograms per day, according to the recommendations of the German Society for Nutrition.
Food sources of iodine are fish such as salmon, herring, tuna, shrimp and oysters, vegetables such as broccoli, spinach, champagne mushrooms, peanuts, and pumpkin seeds, as well as meat, dairy products, and iodine-rich table salt.
In the case of severe deficiency, nutritional supplements containing iodine can be resorted to under the supervision of a doctor.